Awarded 'Museum of The Year' by the European Council, this museum was established as the first Turkish Museum in 1891 with the artifacts from Sidon-presently in Lebanon by Osman Hamdi Bey. The present museum consists of four sections disposed in four different buildings. The main neo-classical building is the work of Alexander Vallaury from 1902. It houses the famous Sarcophagus of Alexander The Great' and priceless artifacts from the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Roman Era. The upper floor has a wide collection of coins-let us tell you that only the Ottoman Collection consists of 800000 pieces! The New Building opened in 1998 has magnificent exhibitions of Troia and Anatolian Cultures. There is very well displayed section for Istanbul. The third building is a former School for Fine Arts from 1883-the work of Osman Hamdi Bey. This has remarkable works of art from Mesopotamia. Artifacts date from the 6th millennium and onwards. Sumeria, Hitite, Akadia, Babylonia, and many other cultures will get you deep in-to the histories that have affected European Culture. The highlight of this section is the 'Kadeş Agreement' - the first peace agreement in human history - written in- uniform letters on a terracotta tablet. Finally - and of course - to have an unforgettable day you need a splendid guide to help you enjoy and appreciate this unique museum.