Lake Titicaca, located at an altitude of 12,500 feet (or 3810 meters) is surrounded by the Andes Mountains Peaks. It is in itself quite amazing to see the life adapting to the extreme condition of such high altitude, where there is freezing cold temperature, high ultraviolet radiation and oxygen-scarce air.
This lake borders Bolivia and Peru. This lake is counted among the highest lakes of the world. Besides, it is the largest of all freshwater lakes in South America. Titicaca Lake was once the home of Inca Empire, whose evidence can still be seen in the form of ancient Inca ruins. These ruins are more significant on the Isla del Sol Island. Apart from this island, there are several other islands in Titicaca too that contain the ruins of Inca Civilization.
Even today you can find the indigenous people here, whose cultures are highly influenced by the lost civilization. For example: the Aymara people who live around Titicaca Lake. Lake has long been transformed into one of the popular tourist destination in Bolivia. Most travelers like to stay in Copacabana town of Bolivia because this city is the closest to numerous islands of Titicaca, which contain the invaluable Inca ruins.
An ancient city, Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku), is another fascinating place to visit, which is near to the Lake Titicaca and is about 45 miles west of La Paz. According to archaeologists, this ancient city was built even before the birth of Christ and contains pre-Inca ruins. Another small town of Bolivia, Sorata, is located east of the Lake, which offers the best views of different places of Bolivia and is also a fantastic destination for numerous adventures, like hiking, mountain biking, trekking or climbing the Mount Illampu.