officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea
in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia
in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea
and the Gulf of Aden.
The history of Djibouti is recorded in poetry, songs, and folklore of its nomadic people and goes back thousands of years to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar ethnic groups in this region became among the first on the African continent to adopt Islam.
The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. Djibouti is a Somali, Afar and Muslim country, which regularly takes part in Islamic affairs as well as Arab meetings.