Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Thereby, Egypt is a transcontinental country, and is considered to be a major power in North Africa, Mediterranean Region, African continent, Nile Basin, Islamic World and the Red Sea. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
Egypt is divided into four regions; the Nile Valley & Delta, the Western and Eastern Deserts, and the Sinai Peninsula. Throughout all of them you'll hear Arabic being spoken, as it is the official language, but if you're speaking German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish--you'll do just fine. Most of Egypt's 79 million residents live around the Nile Valley and Delta, the life-blood of the country. A perfect way to experience this is to take a Nile Cruise, with the choice being yours if you're looking for something super-luxurious or a little more economical.
One thing to consider when coming to Egypt is the weather. If you're into the whole hot summer thing--June to early-September isn't a good idea. Prefer it cooler? Then November to March is the best, while Apri/May and late-September/October are the most comfortable. All the better to be comfy for when you're out exploring around Old Cairo and its 3rd century Coptic Church known as the Hanging Church that was built over the Babylon Fortress.
You just better have your passport handy--or you don't get to see anything. Don't worry about a visa, you can get that upon arrival at any one of Egypt's 10 international airports, with Cairo being the most popular entry point. One of the most popular destinations in Egypt is Sharm El-Sheikh, a place that's popular with the sun & scuba crowd in the Sinai Peninsula. This resort destination has some of the best SCUBA diving locations, as well as other watersports. Add in the spa/wellness activities, and you've got a beach vacation that rivals anything in the Caribbean.
Egypt's not all history books and beach bunnies; its food is outstanding. Try the Dawood Basha, which are like Egyptian meatballs served over rice; and the Taameya might look familair, even if its name isn't. Everywhere else in the region its called falafel. Wash it all down with Karkadeh, a local drink made from hibiscus flowers.
Once you're well fed, head to Old Cairo to see its 3rd century Hanging Church, built over the Babylon Fortress some time in the 3rd century. It is one of the oldest churches in Egypt, and filled with marble and 8th century art. See, it isn't all Ancient Mummy curses here, ya know; although the Pharoh period lasted some 3000 years (3100BC-300BC). Come see the Saladin Fortress, the fjords, the old castles, or try doing a Sand Safari. Even with a history this long (spanning some 5000 years), there isn't any set "Egyptian Culture", but they're quite pround of their art, music, folk dancing, and theater. Football (that's soccer for the U.S. crowd) is big here too. Heading off to Egypt is one of those vacations that needs to top everyone's Bucket List. And since the internet is readily available thoughout Egypt, you can send everyone back home an email saying that you're never coming back. Like, who wouldn't want to live in a desert oasis or in the shadow of an ancient obelisk?
Things to do in Egypt: The southern city of Luxor and the Karnak
Temple. Hike up Mount Sinai, Safari by any means you can imagine, visit oasis in the Western Desert. Scuba Diving in the red sea of course a NILE CRUISE the pyramids and sphinx , on a cruise you can take in the Temple
of Karnak,the West Bank's Valley of the Kings, home to the Tomb of Tutankhamun and Ramses II, Colossi of Memnon and Hatshepsut's Temple. Then there is Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. contains numerous ancient artifacts, and the Valley of the Kings.
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia.